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Re: James Holtzclaw Query
In Response To: Re: James Holtzclaw Query ()

1860 Census Howard Co. MO
James Holsclaw
Age in 1860: 60
Birth Year: abt 1800
Birthplace: Kentucky
Home in 1860: Richmond, Howard, Missouri
Gender: Male
Post Office: Fayette
Household Members: Name Age
James Holsclaw 60
Lucinda Holsclaw 59
Clifton D Holsclaw 32
Elizabeth Holsclaw 30
James P Holsclaw 28
William M Holsclaw 27
Eliza J Holsclaw 26
Frances A Holsclaw 24
Benj F Holsclaw 22
Sarah M Holsclaw 15
John W Holsclaw 17

1860 Slave Census James Holsclaw Howard County
60 Male Black
43 Female Black
19 Male Black
16 Male Black
14 Male Black
11 Female Black
9 Female Black
7 Female Black
5 Female Black
3 Female Black
2 Male Black

1850 Census Howard County
Household Members: Name Age
James Holsclaw 53
Lucinda Holsclaw 50
Mary E. Holsclaw 20
William M Holsclaw 18
Eliza J Holsclaw 16
Frances A Holsclaw 15
Benj F Holsclaw 12
Sarah M Holsclaw 5
John W Holsclaw 7

1840 Census Howard County
James Holsclaw Males 1-2-2-0-0-0-1
Females 1-2-0-0-0-0-1-0-1

1830 Census Howard Co Missouri
James Holsclaw Males 2-0-0-1-0-1
Females 1-0-0-0-0-1-0-1

Married: 25 JUN 1826 in Howard Co., MO Lucinda Feland of Lincoln Co Ky

James appears to have been born 25 MAR 1797 and was raised by his grandparents Jacob Holtzclaw and Susannah Thomas of Farquier, Virginia who located to Lincoln Co. Ky about 1780.

Name: William, Lt. Holsclaw, elected 2nd Lt 6th MO Inf Co. G 10 May 1862.
Death: 3 Oct 1862 - killed at Corinth, Ms.

Name: John W., Pvt. Holsclaw
Death: 29 May 1863 - killed at Vicksburg, Ms.

Name: Benjamin, Pvt. Holsclaw
Death: 29 May 1863 - killed at Vicksburg, Ms

Name: J P Holsclaw
Side: Confederate
Roll: M2072_1
Roll Title: List of Confederates Captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi, July 4, 1863
6th Missouri Co. G Private, Paroled

Severly wounded at Vicksberg, was captured May 4 1865 at Citronelle Alabama. He had been hospitalized in Jackson MS since battle of Vicksberg and eventually paroled from Jackson MS on May 12 1865.

Name: James P. Holsclaw
Birth Date: 26 Feb 1831
Death Date: 12 Mar 1916
Cemetery: Hume
Description: Located in Hume, Missouri
Cemetery Records of Bates County, Missouri Volume III
MO SOS Death Certificate #9125 Born Howard Co. MO, Father James Holsclaw of Ky Mother Lucinda Feland of Ky. Died of Lagrippe.

Marriage 1 William C. WHITE b: ABT 1830
Married: 3 JUL 1879 in Howard Co.,MO

Marriage 1 Henry KELLY b: ABT 1845
Married: 23 JAN 1876 in Howard Co.,MO

Thus either Mary Elizabeth or Frances A was the daughter killed by the gunpowder explosion. Mary E would have been 33 years old at the time. Frances A. about 18.

Provost Marshall Index:
Holsclaw, Clifton D. Howard Glasgow Statement that he was a Confederate soldier in a company of rangers under Col. Williams, would like to take the oath and become a farmer 06-29-1865 F 1476

Holsclaw, James Howard Richmond Township Oath of Allegiance, witness John W. Beisley Jr. 02-25-1862 F 1476

Clifton D. and his brothers are all listed as enlisting in Capt Clarks company M.S.G 6th MO Inf Vol. Mar 2, 1862 at Cove Creek Arkansas. Clifton was commisioned to recruit Sept 25, 1863. He is listed as being captured Booneville, (I assume #1) having been at Lexington and wounded at Elk Horn.

Clifton likely missed going to Mississippi with his brothers due to his wounds received at Elk Horn Tavern. He may very well have gone back to Fayette and or Howard Co to recover and recruit in Sept. 1863. (Fayette Co is county of Residence on enlistment card)

In 1880 he is listed as being a boarder/Farmer in Sheridan, Linn, Kansas

Listed as attending reunion 1890 Kansas City MO residing in Hume MO.

Name: Clifton D. Holsclaw
Birth Date: 13 Oct 1825
Death Date: Jul 1908
Cemetery: Hume
Description: Located in Hume, Missouri
Cemetery Records of Bates County, Missouri Volume III

Joseph M Street abt 1823 is found also living in Howard County in 1850 with wife Patia (b Virginia 1829) and son George W. (1848)

He is again found with family in Moniteau Twsp, Howard County in 1860 and 1870 Census listings.

His service card lists him as a Pvt. Company A, 9th MSM mustered at Sturgeon MO, 12 Feb. 1862, discharged 11 Feb. 1865 St. Louis MO

Street was a contemporary of Clifton D. Holsclaw and likely new the family well as the Holsclaw's were a well known and affluent pioneer family of Howard County.

The Howard County Advertiser, September 9,1863 (p. 2, col. 1), contains the following article:
"On Tuesday last [September 6], a detachment from this post, went in pursuit of one Captain (Clifton, sometimes rendered as or Clifford or Cliff] Holtsclaw [sic], who, it is said, has recently returned from Price's army, and who is at the head of a band of guerrillas now operating in this County. It was first reported that Captain Holtsclaw had taken prisoner, a man by the name of Bullock, belonging to Guitar's regiment, and that he, Holtsclaw, intended to kill him. This caused the detachment to be sent out, they went to the house of James Holtsclaw, the father of the reported Captain, and told him that he must pilot them over the country. They all got ready, and were in the act of starting, when one of the soldier's guns was accidentally discharged, the contents entering the head of the old man, killing him almost instantly. This was indeed a sad occurrence, and none seem to regret it more than Lt. Street, who was in c at the time the accident occurred.'

Carolyn Bartels, in her book Civil War Stories of Missouri, pp. 133-134, gives another version of this story, though she wrongly attributes the incident to the year 1862:

'In 1862 the militia, led by Lieutenant Street killed his (Clifton Holtzclaw's] father in the latter's barnyard. Then with no feeling at all, left the body for the hogs to devour. Mr. Holtzclaw's young daughters finally discovered his body and rescued their lifeless father. The charge against the elder Holtzclaw was that he fed and harbored bushwhackers. By Union rules all Missouri State Guard men were considered bushwhackers and guerrillas. Clifton set about making his father's life one that was not lived in vain for naught.'

And here is John Newman Edwards' description and interpretation of the same incident in Noted Guerrillas (pp. 303-304)along with some background information on the Holtzclaw family:

"Captain Clifton Holtzclaw led the first Guerrillas Howard County produced. [His brother,] Capt. William Holtzclaw of the first companies that was raised for Price's army in the State.... Clifton was a lieutenant in the company, and his brothers, James, Benjamin, and John were privates. William was killed at Corinth, John and Benjamin at Vicksburg while James and Clifton survived the war. Here were five brothers who were brave alike, who fought side by side, who were renowned for personal prowess and personal courage, and who sacrificed everything they possessed for the cause and the Confederacy. A tragic circumstance called Capt. Clifton Holtzclaw back to Missouri. His aged father and mother, together with three sisters, had been robbed of everything they possessed, horses, household effects, clothing, even bread. Yet the old patriarch's spirit remained all unsubdued and undaunted. As far advanced as he was in life, and as little fitted for warlike operations, he nevertheless secreted several kegs of powder against a day when they might be worth their weigh in gold. Some of this powder became damp [and] old Mr. Holtzclaw attempted to dry it before a fire. There was a terrible explosion, one sister was killed and the two others dreadfully burnt. To care for and protect these, and his two aged parents, Capt Cliff Holtzclaw hurried home after the Corinth battle, where a gallant brother had been killed, and sought to be at peace and to rest in quiet. Such things in those savage days were impossible things. Several efforts were made to capture and kill him. Four or five scouting parties went to his house, insulted his parents, abused his sisters, and made all sorts and kinds of terrible threats against his own life. In self-defense he organized speedily a splendid company and fought a desperate Guerrilla fight all through the summer of 1863 and 1864.

"But did he not have terrible provocation? In the summer of 1863, Lieutenant Jo Streff [sic] of Guitar's regiment-went to Capt Holtzclaw's house, took the aged father from the arms of his aged wife and remorselessly killed him. The son avenged him. He fought thereafter as some savage wild beast. He killed by day and by night. He never took a prisoner. As desperate as Anderson, as unforgiving as Todd, as untiring as Taylor or Jesse James, the timber sent him forth as a scourge and received him back again as though he was a part of its solitude.' (Edwards, pp. 303-304)

So it appears that Edwards has his facts straight in this instance. Street likely murdered James Holsclaw. Bullock another neighbor of the two was an unwitting pawn.

John R.

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Feland connection
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