The Indian Territory in the Civil War Message Board

Re: Battle at Middle Boggy
In Response To: Re: Battle at Middle Boggy ()

Ken

This might help. I got mixed up on the dates. Here is part of the letter Phillips left for Gov. Colbert and it shows Phillips was still at Camp Kagi on the Feb 15th.

By the 16th Phillips was back up on the Arkansas River near Gibbons and that is what he is trying to call Old Fort Arbuckle. They tried to establish an Arbuckle up there one time if memory serves. They sent a boat up the Ark. River when the river was up. The boat got up so far and the river started dropping and the boat had to throw the supplies out on the bank and run back down the river before water level dropped and left the boat stranded. They may have gone ahead and made a camp there and called it Arbuckle. I need to refresh on that.

If Phillips was back up on the Arkansas by the 16th, he did not have time to go very far south of camp Kagi.

Maj. Gen. S. R. CURTIS,
Cmdg. Department of Kansas.

[Inclosure No. 1.]

HDQRS. U. S. FORCES IN THE FIELD,
Camp Kagi, Chickasaw Nation, February 15, 1864.
Gen. COLBERT,
Of the Chickasaw Nation:

GOVERNOR: When I passed your house I could not find you. Were you a fugitive from fear, or did you flee as a man who wants to be an enemy? Had you come to me frankly you would have found a friend. The Government has not believed that you really desired to fight it, but your conduct leaves the matter in great doubt and will expose your people. Why did you send for soldiers to keep the troops of the United States out of the Chickasaw Nation? Your treaties require you to admit their presence. Are we to understand that you now want formally to break these treaties? These questions must be answered, and answered soon. Your power as head man was not given you to gratify your prejudice or pride. You are responsible to your people, and have no right to expose them to ruin when the Government offers them mercy.

LITTLE RIVERTOWN, NEAR OLD FORT ARBUCKLE,
Creek Nation, February 16, 1864.
SIR: After heavy marching, day and night, I have reached this point, 105 miles from Fort Gibson, at which point my infantry and wagons under Col. Wattles had reached night before last. With the force I took farthest south (450 mounted men and 1 howitzer) I could, of course, not fight the enemy after they had concentrated.

They declined sending any parties to fight me, evidently designing to fight me on Red River in force, which was, of course, out of the question. I regret the non-arrival of the force promised me from Fort Smith, as I could have then been justified in attempting to drive them into Texas before they could complete their organization. I have, however, fully accomplished all the specific instructions of Gen. McNeil with my present force.

I sent a force up the Canadian to the Seminole country to sweep north to the Arkansas, crossing and marching to Gibbon on the north side; Maj. Foreman with another up Little River to pursue the same course. I shall send another up North Fork and return with my baggage and forage train direct to Gibson. I am getting out an ox train from the county with wagons to haul to Gibson what corn there is that my command do not use. I hope to be able to get oxen enough to make a commissary train for my command as soon as grass grows.

We have left behind us copies of the President's proclamation in the Indian languages. I learned that Gen. Maxey was present with the Choctaw legislature ten days ago, and urged them to remain at home and raise crops. There were delegations present from the Choctaw Nation, Creek (rebel portion), Cherokee (rebel portion), Chickasaw, &c. The Choctaws urged a separate confederacy, as the rebel Confederacy was unable to protect them. The rebel Creeks were preparing to fly into the Wichita Mountains. Gen. Maxey has got De Morse's Twenty-ninth Texas Cavalry, Martin's Fifth Texas Partisan Rangers, Bass' Twentieth Cavalry, Scanland's and Gillett's battalions cavalry, besides two full batteries of 6 and 12 pounder brass and three howitzer. The two batteries have just been received and include two rifled guns. He has of Indian troops, Col. Watie, First and Second Cherokee; what is left of the Second Creek Regt. (which amounts to little). There are two Choctaw regiments, if they do not slough off at this time, which is probable, and Col. Jumper's regiment, which consisted of the Chickasaw and Seminole battalions, but was broken to pieces in the late battle. In addition to this, Gen. Maxey is conscripting every man on Red River. As an offset, I am happy to be able to say that all the Canadian Valley and it tributaries are clear of rebels. I shall sweep out the upper Seminole country as I return. I shall leave no subsistence for a rebel army, or forage, so that all it supplies must come from Red River in any movement toward the Arkansas, the stretch being 180 miles. The rebel Indians are entirely disheartened and discouraged. Gen. Maxey urged that they remain to raise a crop, promising to place his force between the Canadian and Fort Gibson, and that they should be protected. His utter failure to do so will throw a damper on the efforts he has made to reorganize.

It has rained a great deal in the past two days. I expect the many streams in this county to be filled soon, and, of course, shall records them to my base before the rise. Gen. Maxey has either to content himself with defending North Texas, in which case he will lose his Indian, allies, or recover the prestige which he had lost by our recent successes in an attack on us on the Arkansas River, which he must do under great difficulties, and which I should much prefer that he would undertake at this season of the year, under all circumstances.

While I could not accomplish all I would have done had I been supported by Col. Moonlight's command, and able to enter Northern Texas, still the result, in view of the condition and temper of the rebel Indians, is, I think, highly satisfactory, and will materially reduce their power to plant a force of these rebel Indians on the Arkansas River the coming spring.

I have the honor to remain, very respectfully,

WM. A. PHILLIPS,
Col., Cmdg.
Maj.-Gen. CURTIS,
Cmdg. Department of Kansas.

Elmer

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