The Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board

Stephen Whitlock
In Response To: Re: Bryan Howerton ()

Stephen, here's the verbatim transcription from the diary of Lieut. George L. Griscom, 9th Texas Cavalry. I took it back to November 8, 1861, since that's the last known "for sure" location. Maybe you can figure out his movements. It ends on November 19, when the battle of Round Mountain Creek was fought.

It appears that the Texans' contribution to the night action on November 17 & 18 was to ride around in circles.

Hope you can find something useful here. Griscom's punctuation and sentence structure are problematic at best.


Nov 8th—The interval from the 5th is spent at Boggy hunting amid a great abundance of all kinds of game—Take up the line of march this morning having sent an advance guard ahead with the forage master to provide for us & arrive on the 11th at Northfork Village & mission on the North fork of Canadian (Creek Nation) & just as we were feeding for night a courier arrived from Actg Brig Genl Cooper, Com’d’g Indian forces, stating that the Tory half of the Creek Indians—who had refused to recognize the treaty made with the Confedt States by Albert Pike—about 1700 strong (then) were becoming very troublesome & had caused him to retreat with his force untill he was reinforced—The Tory Creeks were com’d’d by “Opothehola” the full blooded chief & composed of all the full bloods & the C.S. Indians by Col Chilly McIntosh a half breed & comprised all the half breeds & quatreen who were naturally antagonistic to each other on account of family feuds—“Old Gough” (the nickname of Opothy when he first ascended to the Chieftancy of the nation years back) beheaded McI’s father in the old States hence they were enemies—McI was 1st mustered into the service & the others a little jealous held aloof & finally rebelled—a Council of War was held & it was agreed to take 50 men from a Co ammunition & 2 days rations & leave in the AM, leaving the train behind in charge of Col Sims & the ballance of the Regt.

Nov 12th—500 strong under Com’d of Lt Col Quayle we start in a N W course & ride 65M by 10 PM (feeding about noon on the way) when we come to Col Cooper’s Camp where we are received by his forces with the most extravagant demonstrations of joy—firing guns shouting & war dancing untill nearly morning.

Nov 13th & 14th—Lie in camp with Cooper’s forces composed of Cooper’s Choctaw regt 2 Tex Co’s & 8 of Indians—Col D. McIntosh’s Regt Creeks & a Batt of Creeks under Chilly McIntosh—they gave us the real war dance of both nations with which our boys were delighted & many (self) participated—Cook 6 days rations.

15th—At 8 AM moved out in pursuit of the enemy with an advance & flank guards of our dusky allies over a pretty rough County passing an occasional deserted Cabin—Camped at night having caught a spy or 2—got corn for horses tonight.

16th & 17th—Pursue them striking the trail that the old fellow made in moving in a northerly direction burning & destroying the country as he goes—we get no feed for our horses scarcely but a little corn & not much grass on the night of the 17th get plenty of Meat & corn but nothing else, for we camp on their old Camp ground which shows (women & children) they must have at least 3000 & they make a trail as large as a common stage road—while at supper are ord’d to McI’s (who had moved off 8 M to camp) assistance as he is about to be overpowered—so says runner—ready in 10 minutes & start at a gallop—take the wrong road go a mile & back, off again & run 10 M & turn back & run 5 & turn again—loose 1 man falls from his horse in a fit is at last got up & we find the right road about 2 AM & find we have run 25 M to get 8.

Nov 18th—Take the trail at light & follow untill night when we camp without a thing for our horses, the prairie burned & no habitations near—got 1 corn for the Regt—now in broad Prairie of the Creek Nation.

19th—Off after light soon strike & cross the Red fork of the Ark river……

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Bryan Howerton
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Stephen Whitlock
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