Another History of the 37th Tennessee (Part 2)
Wed Apr 11 00:30:53 2001
Wednesday, October 8.--In battle. We were on the right of Buckner's division. Cannonading and skirmishing commenced early. Regiment supported a battery (Smith's, I think) commanded by Lieut. (Dr.) Sharron, of Vicksburg, on a hill across a creek. At 2 o'clock we moved down the hill in open field, and in view of the enemy, to a little hollow where by lying down we were safe. On the right we could see a line forming, which proved to be Cheatham's division. At 3 o'clock it went into action--a grand sight. Almost instantly our line was ordered forward, and was soon engaged. The Thirty-seventh and Seventeenth Tennessee regiments finally fell in together and charged a stone wall, which was taken after a hand-to-hand fight. The brigade was about out of ammunition, and was relieved temporarily by Cleburne's brigade. Afterward marched over the battle-field, but not further engaged.
Thursday, October 9.--Marched to Harrodsburg, then to Camp Dick Robinson, where we remained a day or two; then resumed the march, passing through Crab Orchard, Barboursville, and London. Passed Cumberland Gap about October 17. Reached Knoxville about the 24th, Col. Moses White being in command of the brigade. The regiment moved with the army to Middle Tennessee. Camped at Shelbyville, College Grove, etc.; then marched to Murfreesboro.
Wednesday, December 31, 1862.--The regiment was actively engaged from day-light until dark. Lost about half our number in killed and wounded. Col. White and Lieut.-col. Frayser wounded early. Maj. McReynolds fatally wounded later in the day. The Adjutant and Sergeant-major practically led the regiment the greater part of the day. The regiment fell back with the army, and being greatly depleted, was a few weeks later sent to Chattanooga to gather recruits, reaching the city Saturday, January 10, 1863. The companies were distributed at points from Chattanooga to Dalton, Ga. Early in June the regiment was ordered up to Wartrace. We had been recruited up to about five hundred strong; but the new material was not the very best, and much of it afterward slipped away in the trying times that followed.
Tuesday, June 9.--The Thirty-seventh Tennessee Regiment, four hundred and eighty-four present for duty, was consolidated with the Fifteenth Tennessee, one hundred and forty strong. Col. White and Adjutant relieved from duty. Lieut.-col. Frayser was retained. Col. B. C. Tyler, of the Fifteenth, took command, with Wall as Major and Kent as Adjutant. This arrangement was altogether unfortunate, and provoked a bad feeling which existed till the end of the war, and was really the cause of a very notable court-martial at Dalton in 1864. Thirteen officers of the Thirty-seventh Tennessee tendered their resignations--not accepted. The regiment, as consolidated, was assigned to Bate's brigade, and was engaged in the battle of Hoover's Gap.
The regiment fell back with the army to Chattanooga and to Tyner's Station, and was in the battles of Missionary Ridge and Chickamauga, sustaining very heavy losses in both. Went into winter-quarters at Dalton, and remained there during the winter of 1863-64. Tyler became Brigadier-general, and the brigade took his name after Bate became Major-general. The regiment was commanded alternately by White, Frayser, and Wall, and took a conspicuous part in the Georgia campaign, losing very heavily in the principal battles; also in the battles of Franklin and Nashville, and was at the final surrender in North Carolina. It was then a mere skeleton of a regiment, and the few old veterans that held out to the end dispersed never to meet again on earth.
Thirty-seventh Tennessee Infantry.
Colonel, Moses White; Lieutenant-colonel, R. Dudley Frayser; Major, J. T. McReynolds; Surgeon, J. C. Hall; Assistant Surgeon, R. A. Gentry; Adjutant, J. Harvey Mathes.
McReynolds, Major J. T., k. at Murfreesboro.
Captain, Robert Dean.
Clark, Jacob, k. at Chickamauga.
Cross, Benjamin, k. at Chickamauga.
Reagor, R. J., k. at Chickamauga.
N Jan. 20, 1864.
Eppins, T. P., d. March 26, 1863.
Scott, J. M., d. Aug. 20, 1862.
West, J. L., d. May 11, 1862.
Newton, Isaac, d. June 21, 1862.
Cape, William, d. May 17, 1862.
Langston, William, d. May 10, 1862.
Pinney, Geo. W., d. Nov. 27, 1861.
Brady, Benj., d. Dec. 10, 1861.
Captain, Thomas H. Owen.
Clark, John W., k. at Chickamauga.
Grayson, John C., k. at Chickamauga.
Collier, Wm. C., k. at Missionary Ridge.
Higgs, Samuel H., k. at Murfreesboro.
Clark, William C., Feb. 14, 1862.
Glass, William M., d. Feb. 4, 1862.
Herrin, Edward W., d. Feb. 14, 1862.
Inman, James M., d. Dec. 27, 1861.
Moon, Richard, d. Jan. 9, 1862.
Alvis, Thomas, d. April 15, 1862.
Dilworth, G. S., d. Sept. 20, 1862.
Hanna, J. J., d. Sept. 11, 1862
Matherson, J. W., d. Sept. 28, 1862.
Ellett, G. W., d. July 1, 1862.
Layne, R. E., d. Nov. 10, 1862.
Whitehead, Wm., d. June 18, 1863.
Dunn, Franklin, d.
Hughes, William, d. Oct. 16, 1863.
Pevy, William H., d.
Eason, George W., d. Dec. 4, 1863.
Rich, J. K. P., d.
Captain, Reuben Robbie.
Moore, Madison, k. at Missionary Ridge.
Longmire, W. W., k. at Missionary Ridge.
Gibson, George, d. March 22, 1862.
Scalf, M. M., d. March 24, 1862.
Stiger, David E., d. March 10, 1862.
Sawyers, Renben, d. Oct. 5, 1862.
Husk, S. F., d. Oct. 4, 1862.
Green, Newton, September 15, 1862.
Brown, James, d. Nov. 3, 1862.
Sharfer, George M., Sept. 19, 1863.
Fine, James M., Sept. 30, 1863.
Jones, John, Oct. 15, 1863.
Tipton, E. L., d. Jan. 21, 1863.
Henry, John, d.
Goode, J., d.
Love, J. R., d.
Captain, R. S. Marshall.
Bradley, J. M., d. June 19, 1862.
Gurley, John, d. July 10, 1862.
Talbett, William W., d. May 30, 1862.
Boyd, Robert A., d. Aug. 4, 1863.
Stephens, Granville C., d. Aug. 3, 1863.
Captain, Isaac B. Nichols.
Ogle, Isaac, d. Feb. 28, 1862.
Coghorn, George A., d. Jan. 24, 1862.
Horn, William, d. July 11, 1862.
Roborts, John, d. Dec. 21, 1861.
Poole, Francis M., d. Oct. 27, 1862.
Captain, James E. Swan.
Long, John, k. at Chickamauga.
Maples, Riley, k. at Chickamauga.
Boyd, William, k. at Perryville.
Captain, J. C. Jarnagin.
Johnson, Clinton D., k, at Chickamauga.
Rich, John L., k. at Chickamauga.
Acuff, John P., k. at Chickamauga.
Jarnagin, Capt. C. G., k. at Chickamauga.
Roy, Thomas R., d. Oct. 17, 1862.
Pratt, William W., d. June 16, 1863.
Simmons, James, d. Oct. 14, 1862.
Cunningham, Thomas R., d. Dec., 1863.
Elwood, Clinton L., d. Dec., 1863.
Turpin, William, d. Aug., 1863.